Spas and hot tubs are fun — but along with the fun comes serious
responsibility. Be sure that good times are safe times. Establish rules and
Drowning Safety Tips
Drowning is one of the largest causes of accidental death for infants and
children five and under. Drowning can be prevented through enforced rules and
A fence, wall or natural barrier must completely enclose your spa or hot
Make certain that all doors leading from the house to the spa or hot tub
area are kept shut and latched. Make sure any latches or doorknobs are
above the reach of toddlers to protect against unauthorized entry and use.
Always completely remove the cover before using your spa or hot tub.
Do not allow anyone of any age to soak without a "spotter"
Never leave a child alone out of eye contact supervision in or near the
spa or hot tub — not even for a second. And, do not permit playful
screaming for help (false alarms), which might mask a real emergency.
Guidelines for Using Spas and Hot Tubs
As a spa or hot tub owner, you may be legally liable for the safety of all
persons who use your facility. You have the ultimate responsibility. Be sure
your insurance policy is updated to include ownership of your spa or hot tub.
But, facing ownership responsibilities does not mean taking the fun out of
using your spa or hot tub. If you know about safety practices and use good
judgment, you will find that the benefits of a spa or hot tub can far outweigh
the risks. Here are some guidelines for using you spa or hot tub:
Persons with heart disease, diabetes high or low blood pressure or any
serious illness, and pregnant women — indeed persons with any doubt —
should not enter a spa or hot tub without prior consultation with their
People with skin, ear, genital or other body infections, open sores or
wounds should not use a spa or hot tub because of the possibility of
spreading the infection.
Don't soak for longer than 15 minutes in 104ºF water. In lower
temperatures most people can safely soak for longer periods.
Never use a spa or hot tub while or after using alcohol. Alcohol in your
bloodstream and soaking at the same time creates a combined effect that
can be damaging. The ultimate danger of combined alcohol consumption and
hot water soaking is drowning due to loss of consciousness, heart attack
or injury due to passing out and falling.
As with alcohol, the combined use of a certain prescribed medicines and
hot water soaking can be dangerous. Never use a spa or hot tub while or
after using narcotics or other drugs that may cause sleepiness, drowsiness
or raise or lower blood pressure.
It is best not to soak immediately after eating a heavy meal.
Do not try to adjust or touch equipment such as pumps, heaters or
electrical appliances while you are in the spa or hot tub.
Entertaining can be both fun and safe with a little planning and good
judgment. Use only unbreakable dishes, beverage containers and utensils.
Point out how to enter the tub safely and where the seats are located.
Persons who have been drinking alcohol should not be allowed in the spa
or hot tub, and should be carefully supervised in the surrounding area.
If your spa or hot tub is outdoors, stay out of it during lightning or
rainstorms because of the possibility of electrocution from the lightning
hitting the water.
Keep electrical appliances a significant distance for the spa or hot
tub. Don't use extension cords. Use a ground fault circuit interrupter (GFCI)
on any appliance that must be near the spa or hot tub.
spa Care FOR DUMMIES
Owning a hot tub should be a wonderful experience with little maintenance
required. This reference sheet will provide you with some quick tips on
maintaining your water balance and keeping your hot tub parts in good working
conditions at all times! We often host hot tub seminars which are extremely
useful in understanding hot tub maintenance and care. Call us to find out when
the next seminar is being offered.
Before filling you tub with water you should have an understanding of what
type of water you are using to fill your tub. Well water tends to be very
hard, therefore, if you have a water softener you may want to fill the tub
half with softened water and half with regular well water. If you do not have
a water softener you should use a product called SPA Safe, which
softens the water as you fill you hot tub.
All hot tub owners should use STAIN PREVENT on a weekly basis to
help prevent scaling on all hot tub parts and the heater element.
Soft water is also very hard on hot tub parts and may cause the exterior
shell of the hot tub to flake or peel. Soft water may also eat away at the
heater element in your tub. To increase the hardness of your hot tub water you
should use SPA CONTROL.
Chemical Measurement Tip: 1 teaspoon = 10 grams
Sanitizing Your Tub
There are two chemicals you may use to sanitize you hot tub - bromine and
chlorine. We recommend using bromine because it is easier on both skin and
your hot tub parts, however some people are allergic to it.
With bromine we recommend using the small tabs in a floating bromine
dispenser and shocking your tub with either Easy Brome or Spa Swat
once or twice per week, depending on the amount of usage. With everyday usage,
the tub should be shocked twice per week. Easy Brome is also a
great product to put in your hot tub on the initial fill-up to immediately
establish a bromine bank. One hundred grams is usually sufficient to establish this
Click here for more information
on the spa chemicals we carry.
*When changing from Bromine to Chlorine the
tub must be emptied and refilled.
As part of your initial start-up chemical kit you should have received a
package of test strips. These strips have easy to follow instructions and
should be used at least once per week to test your water balance.
On initial fill-up, every six weeks or when you are having problems with
your water, you should bring a sample of your water into Water World in a
proper water sample bottle, which you should have received as part of your
start up kit. Our trained staff can perform more accurate testing than the
strips and can also detail an accurate measure of chemicals required to
balance the water. Our staff have been trained to help diagnose and treat
problems with your water.
Remember to keep all copies water tests completed professionally. You may
require them for warranty purposes should something go wrong with your tub. We
do keep customer history in our computer system, but we all know how computers
can fail at the least opportune time!
Your filter should be cleaned at least every six to eight weeks using the
appropriate filter cleaner. We recommend having a spare filter so that the
filter being cleaned can completely dry before placed in use again.
Your filter needs replacing when it appears fuzzy; water does not drain
through when poured over; or it is falling apart. Click
here for more filter information.
Emptying the Tub
The tub should be emptied every 4 to 6 months depending on usage. If you
are not sure whether or not you should empty your tub, you can bring your
water in for a test at Water World where we will test for the "Total
Dissolved Solids" in your water. If we get a high reading, the water
should be emptied. We also recommend that before emptying your tub you use WHIRL
O CLEAN. This product cleans slime and guck out of your pipes and is
discarded when the tub is emptied. A great tool for emptying your tub is QuickDrain™.
Cleaning Your Tub
Do not use household cleansers to clean your tub. They will cause the hot
tub to foam and may throw your water balance off. ACRILYK is the hot
tub safe cleaner to use for cleaning and disinfecting your hot tub. You may
also use warm water.
There could be a number of contributing factors should you develop a rash
after using your tub. The most common factor is that you haven't been
shocking your water on a regular basis. Even if you have a high bromine reading you
have to shock regularly.
Another factor which could contribute to rashes is the use of fragrances in
the water, especially those which not been designed for hot tub use. Be sure
to read all labels before using such fragrances and if it does not specify hot
tub use DO NOT USE IT!
As mentioned earlier, some people are allergic to bromine. If this is the
case then the tub will have to be converted over to chlorine as a sanitizer.
The same methods apply as with bromine in that chlorine tabs are added to the
water and the water is shocked on a regular basis. You will require different
test strips to read chlorine. Be sure to specify when having your water tested
that you use chlorine to sanitize your tub. Before changing over to chorine
you tub must be emptied.
Energy Efficiency Tips:
Turn down the thermostat when you're on vacation- If you are leaving for
an extended period of time or won't use the hot tub for a week or more
turn the heat down or off, If you have an older, non-energy efficient hot
tub, consider draining it if you will be gone during winter months. Such
tubs can freeze which causes a great deal of damage to the equipment.
Energy efficient hot tubs can maintain non-freezing temperatures for weeks
with appropriate covers.
Reduce pumping cycles- Normally filtration cycles for single and two
speed pumps are set for four hours, twice a day. You may be able to reduce
the filtration cycles to three hours, twice a day - during off-peak hours.
This adjustment should be based on your usage pattern, so you can maintain
clear, clean and safe water. If your hot tub has a low-wattage, continuous
circulation pump — leave it alone, it's designed to run all the time.
Create windbreaks around the hot tub; cutting wind exposure can reduce
heat loss. Privacy panels, landscaping, or fencing can all be effective
Buy only energy efficient spas and hot tubs. Today significant
improvements in the construction, controls, and equipment (such as using
preheated air for jets and low wattage pumps and lights) make hot tubs
more energy-efficient than 5 or 10 years ago. When possible replace your
hot tub with a newer, energy efficient model. An average sized energy
efficient hot tub consumes 5-7 kWh per day, while a poorly insulated,
inefficient hot tub may use 12-18 kWh per day.